|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2016
|Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]|
NOTE 10 – INCOME TAXES
The benefit for income taxes consisted of the following (in thousands):
The difference between the benefit for income taxes and the amount computed by applying the federal statutory income tax rate (34%) to loss before taxes is explained as follows (in thousands):
Deferred income taxes reflect the net tax effects of temporary differences between the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities for financial reporting purposes and the amounts used for income tax purposes. Significant components of the Company’s deferred tax assets are as follows (in thousands):
In October 2013, we acquired Ceregene. The Company recorded goodwill and intangible assets as part of accounting for the acquisition of Ceregene. A portion of the intangible assets acquired were for the use in a particular research and development project IPR&D and are considered indefinite-lived assets with no tax basis. In 2015, the Company impaired these intangible assets and reversed the corresponding deferred tax liability.
In 2015 the Company received a $14.5 million Section 16(b) disgorgement settlement that was recognized as additional paid-in capital. The disgorgement settlement was recognized net of taxes of $9.5 million, which resulted in an income tax benefit of $5.0 million being recognized in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations for the year ended December 31, 2015.
The changes in the fair value of the unrealized gain/loss on securities investment are recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income, net of a provision for income taxes.
A valuation allowance is recorded when it is more likely than not that all or some portion of the deferred income tax assets will not be realized. We regularly assess the need for a valuation allowance against our deferred income tax assets by considering both positive and negative evidence related to whether it is more likely than not that our deferred income tax assets will be realized. In evaluating our ability to recover our deferred income tax assets within the jurisdiction from which they arise, we consider all available positive and negative evidence, including scheduled reversals of deferred income tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, tax-planning strategies, and results of recent operations. Accordingly, based upon the Company’s analysis of these factors the net deferred tax assets have been fully offset by a valuation allowance. The valuation allowance increased by $23.8 million, $5.0 million and $9.8 million for the years ended December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively. As of December 31, 2016, Sangamo had net operating loss carryforwards for federal and state income tax purposes of approximately $412 million and $177 million, respectively. If not utilized, the net federal and state operating loss carryforwards will start to expire in 2018 and 2016, respectively. The Company also has federal and state research tax credit carryforwards of $9.7 million and $10.5 million, respectively. The federal research credits will begin to expire in 2018 while the state research credits have no expiration date. Utilization of the Company’s net operating loss carryforwards and research tax credit carryforwards may be subject to substantial annual limitations due to the ownership change limitations provided by the Internal Revenue Code and similar state provisions. The annual limitation could result in the expiration of the net operating loss carryforwards and research tax credit carryforwards before utilization.
The Company files federal and state income tax returns with varying statutes of limitations. The tax years from 2002 forward remain open to examination due to the carryover of net operating losses or tax credits. The Company also files a UK income tax return, and the tax years from 2008 and thereafter remain open to examination.
The Company’s practice is to recognize interest and/or penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense. As of December 31, 2016, the Company had no accrued interest and/or penalties. The unrecognized tax benefits may change during the next year for items that arise in the ordinary course of business. In the event that any unrecognized tax benefits are recognized, the effective tax rate will not be affected.
The following table summarizes the activity related to the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits (in thousands):
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef